Charity registration No. SC002876  
Sunday June 2nd. 2013
Martin Luther believed in the Real Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist. He became indignant when groups who had followed him out of the Catholic Church, rejected the presence of Jesus in the Eucharist. He deplored the fact that every milkmaid and farmhand thought they could interpret scripture correctly. Here are his own words. "Who, but the devil, has granted such license of wresting the words of the holy Scripture? Who ever read in the Scriptures, that my body is the same as the sign of my? What language in the world ever spoke so? It is only then the devil, thatimposes upon us by these fanatical men. Not one of the Fathers of the Church, though so numerous, ever said, It is only bread and wine; or, the body and blood of Christ is not there present”. Martin Luther held Christ was truly present in the Eucharist by consubstantiation, which means the substance of the bread and wine is not changed. whereas. the Church teaches transubstantiation, that is the very substance of the bread and wine is changed into Christ’s Body and Blood. Henry VIII strongly disapproved of Martin Luther.  He supported transubstantiation, the Roman Catholic view of the nature of thebread and wine in theEucharist. In happier  years, before he broke away from the Church over its refusal to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.  Henry had written an essay opposing Luther’s views on the Eucharist, and he never changed his mind about that essay, and kept the title Defender of the Faith, even after the split up from the Church John Knox was an ordained priest of the Catholic Church, and while studying at St. Andrew’s, came under the influence of George Wishart, who was later put to death for heresy, an event that deeply affected Knox. He joined the movement to reform the Church in Scotland, and was caught up in the political events of the day that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton. While in exile, he met John Calvin and was influenced by his austere interpretation of the scriptures.On his return to Scotland, and after the death of Mary Queen of Scots, he created the newly reformed church, banning the practice of Catholicism.  The Mass was proclaimed a form of idolatry, for Knox no longer believed in the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist or the Mass he had piously offered as a young priest, and like Zwingli an indifferent priest, he would only admit to a spiritual presence—and so the “sacrament” conferred no grace and was simply a memorial service. This was sufficient to prevent any union with Lutheranism. He abandoned celibacy and married. As the reformation gathered strength in England, the Mass was forbidden and priests outlawed. Some of the old houses had a priest where the priest could hide in secrecy when the house was searched, These searches were particularly vehement during Cromwell’s time.Every reference to the Mass as a sacrifice was obliterated from missals and the liturgy of ordination for clergy, and this was adhered to strictly for over a hundred years. The text of the ordinal in the Catholic Church has as its very basis the sacrificing nature of the priesthood. The priest is ordained first and foremost to offer the sacrifice of the Mass. Since this is the essential matter of the sacrament of ordination, to omit it makes the ordination invalid according to the teaching of the Church. Despite the schism between the Orthodox Church and Rome in 1095, the Orthodox Church retained the essential sacrificing nature of the priesthood, and so the Catholic Church recognises the validity of its orders. However, by 1845, under the influence of the Oxford Movement, and Dr Newman, later Cardinal Newman, and now Blessed John Henry Newman, there was a revival of liturgy in the Anglican Church, and a communionservice similar to the Mass was introduced.  Today, there is a greater desire than ever to heal the divisions among the churches and to seek the unity for which Our Lord prayed so earnestly at the last supper.